How to Cook In A Dutch Oven
How to control the temperature while cooking with charcoal and dutch ovens

Have you wanted to learn how to cook in a dutch oven but have been afraid to try?

Well NO more!

You will be successful EVERY TIME you cook with your dutch oven because there is a method to controlling the heat and I’ll tell you all about it.

I have two posts that will guide you through learning how to cook in a dutch oven; knowing all about the basics, along with the list of TOP 10 ITEMS we recommend, – the HOW, WHY and WHAT of dutch oven cooking; all of it’s  HERE  in this very helpful post. 

After you pay a visit there, let’s start cookin with fire!

How Do I Use The Coals & Temperature – All About Dutch Oven Cooking: 101

Explain how the Temperature Work with coals?

Part of learning how to cook in a dutch oven is all about the coal and the heat.

It’s not a guessing game, or a mystery of how many coals it will take for your recipe (I have great ones at the bottom of this post I share with you).  

See, there is a sure-fire way to have success every time you cook with coal and your dutch ovens – it’s simply knowing how to control the temperature, based on the size of your dutch oven!

Let’s begin with the temperature:

Temperature Chart
1- We like to use “The rule of Three” to gauge our temperature.

2- Take the size of your pot, for instance you have a 12 inch pot you would add three to the number 12 and put 15 coals on top and subtract three from 12 and place 9 coals underneath the pot.

3- This will give you about a 325 degree oven.

4- If you want a 350 degree oven, you would add one coal to the top and one coal to the bottom.

5- Doing this will increase the temperature 25 degrees.

6- To decrease the temperature, simply remove 2 coals.

7- Coals are ready when the shoulders or edges are gray.

8- If you wait for the whole coal to be gray they will not last as long, this is when we say that they are “spent”.

9- Coals usually last for at least an hour to an hour and a half.

10- To keep cooking, simply put a new coal next to a ‘live’ coal and it will ignite on it’s own, maintaining the temperature you desire.

 

Converting the Temperature

With a little practice, any food can be properly cooked in a Dutch oven, the only stipulation is, that it’s important to understand HOW to bring the dutch oven to the right temperature with our coals.

Here is a handy chart to help with the temperature so food will cook evenly and properly;  cakes, roasts, chicken dishes, virtually anything can be deliciously conjured by adjusting the number of briquettes to match the required heat called for in your recipe. 

Here’s how it works:

1- You find the size of dutch oven you are using

2- Look for the temperature you want to cook at

3- See how many hot coals to put on the bottom, or underneath the dutch oven

4- How many hot coals to put on the top of the dutch oven

5- Besides filling the pot with one of my yummy recipes at the bottom of this post I share with you, that’s it!  See I told you easy peasy!

How to Cook In A Dutch Oven

 

HOW TO START

It’s not difficult at all to learn how to cook in a dutch oven; however there are a few precautions:

Keep in mind that cooking with charcoal is VERY HOT, so use extreme care to keep children and animals away and at a very safe distance.  Use caution yourself with proper tools (like the ones I recommend in my top 10 list HERE) since you will be working with very high temperatures when the charcoal is lit.

1- Place the charcoal starter/basket onto a dutch oven table OR heavy piece of metal that is elevated.

2- These cement tree rings that are set to be opposite each other work perfectly.  There needs to be air circulating underneath, which is why they must be up off the ground.  

2- Fill the Charcoal Starter with charcoal

How to Cook In A Dutch Oven
How to cook with a dutch oven and all you need to know

3- Stuff wadded up newspaper underneath the charcoal basket.  This will be the source of flame to light the charcoal.  Lighter fluid can be used, but the newspaper method is better, cheaper and doesn’t give an odor. 

How to Cook In A Dutch Oven
How to cook with a dutch oven and all you need to know

4- Light the newspaper through the holes at the bottom of the charcoal basket.

How to Cook In A Dutch Oven
ow to cook with a dutch oven and all you need to know

5- As the newspaper lights, the smoke will rise.

How to Cook In A Dutch Oven
How to cook with a dutch oven and all you need to know

6- Continue carefully stuffing wads of newspaper through the holes as the paper burns down. Again, carefully.

How to Cook In A Dutch Oven
How to cook with a dutch oven and all you need to know

6- When the edges are white, the charcoal is ready to use.

How to Cook In A Dutch Oven
How to cook with a dutch oven and all you need to know

Note: Charcoal at the bottom of the bucket will be burning much hotter than those at the top; watch so as not to burn those down too much, and use from the bottom.

How to Cook In A Dutch Oven
ow to cook with a dutch oven and all you need to know

TO COOK!

Success is yours, you are learning how to cook in a dutch oven!  Your coals are hot and–

Your food is in the pot (remember I am sharing my recipes with you at the bottom of the page), place the Dutch oven on the elevated metal plate OR a Dutch oven table OR in a prepared fire pit – make sure to cook in a prepared and SAFE area, that children are not able to access.

The coals and ovens are heated up to the temperature you need; 

Carefully, with long tongs, take lit charcoal  from the charcoal chimney and place the number you desire on the metal plate, Dutch oven table or pit; using recipe or chart above.

Notice how they are touching, and the white lit corners are sure to touch the unlit ones?

This allows for more cooking time as the lit coals burn down, then the unlit ones light and burn through so the heat keeps a constant temperature for the cooking time you need.

How to Cook In A Dutch Oven
How to cook with a dutch oven and all you need to know

Now place the filled dutch oven on top of the lit coals.

How to Cook In A Dutch Oven
How to cook with a dutch oven and all you need to know

Next, place the coals on top of the lid of the Dutch oven needed for the recipe.

How to Cook In A Dutch Oven
How to cook with a dutch oven and all you need to know
  • Dutch ovens can be stacked allowing for various sizes of ovens to cook at different temperatures.
  • Stacking saves space and is economical too. 
  • Be sure and discard coals into a coal bucket or a safe place such as a charcoal barbecue grill when finished. 
  • It’s best practice to have a large bucket of water nearby for discarding the hot coals when finished cooking.
How to Cook In A Dutch Oven
How to cook with a dutch oven and all you need to know

I hope you enjoy successfully learning how to cook in your dutch ovens, and will share your experiences with us.

Copyright Carrie Groneman, A Mother’s Shadow, 2015, 2017

My huge thanks to Nancy Rappleye for allowing me to include a portion of her presentation on dutch ovens in this post.

Recognize a blessing and be a blessing today

For More Posts On This Topic:

What, How & Why In Dutch Oven Cooking – All About Dutch Oven Cooking: 101

How to Cook In A Dutch Oven
How to choose a dutch oven, clean it and care for it

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stan’s Dutch Oven Peach Cobbler

How to Cook In A Dutch Oven
Cake Mix and canned peaches combine for easy cobbler in a dutch oven

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Dutch Oven Mini-Pull-Apart Butter Rolls

How to Cook In A Dutch Oven
Frozen rolls cooked in a dutch oven

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Dutch Oven Fried Chicken

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Fried Chicken in a Dutch oven that’s crispy, tender and juicy

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Dutch Oven Dorito Enchilada Casserole

How to Cook In A Dutch Oven
Enchiladas in the Dutch Oven made with Dorito chips

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Dutch Oven Scalloped Potatoes

How to Cook In A Dutch Oven
Recipe for Dutch Oven Scalloped Potatoes

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Dutch Oven Hearty Corn Bread

How to Cook In A Dutch Oven
This delicious cornbread is so tender, moist and flavorful too

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Dutch Oven Beef Roast with Vegetables

How to Cook In A Dutch Oven
How to cook a tender beef roast and vegetables in the dutch oven outdoors